In modern medicine, the attention of scientists is always drawn to new technologies and experimental methods that allow for new therapeutic successes, replace surgery with minimally invasive procedures, and reduce the negative effect of drugs on internal organs. One of these promising methods is the treatment of eye diseases using mesenchymal/stem/basic cells, which are also called growth factors.
Mesenchymal cells are growth factors in the human body and a building element of all organs: internal, skin, muscles, skeleton, etc. This biomaterial is contained in a human’s bone marrow and in large quantities in the blood of the umbilical vein, so it can be collected and stored in a cryobank for treatment of complex diseases in the future.
The main function of these cells is the transfer of DNA, the human genetic code. The embryo develops from these cells, and even at the stage of fertilization of an egg by a spermatozoon, one such cell begins to develop, forming different groups of cells that make up the brain, muscle tissue, heart, and other organs.
The largest number of growth factors are contained in a child’s body, though their quantity is gradually reduced over time. However, even the mesenchymal cells of a mature organism can have a significant impact on the body and help it cope with any disease.
Varieties of basic cells:
- Cells of this type form during the period of uterine development in a person. Today, they are not used in medicine because, in order to collect them, it is necessary to kill the embryo. Only after medical termination of pregnancy are such cells (fetal) allowed for use in procedures.
- This material is obtained from the uterine placenta and autologous blood from the umbilical vein. Cord blood is a separate group of cells.
Cord and bone stem cells
Cord blood cells have the most powerful regenerating effect since they are the youngest and “healthiest”, free from the destructive effects of age-related changes, diseases, poor ecology, and other negative factors. After the birth of a child, a blood sample can be taken from the umbilical artery and stored for subsequent synthesis of mesenchymal cells.
If a blood sample from the umbilical vein has not been stored in a cryobank, mesenchymal growth factors can be obtained from the bone marrow of the ilium. This material is collected in the amount of 80–1130 ml. Such cells also have a powerful ability to restore damaged cells in an adult organism and are actively used in modern medicine.
Mardaleishvili Medical Centre is one of the few clinics in Europe that actively uses stem cell transplantation procedures for the treatment of pathologies of the organs of vision and achieves excellent therapeutic results!
Treatment of eye diseases with stem cells
Growth factors are now actively used to treat a variety of diseases, including cardiological, neurological, and ophthalmic, as well as injuries, cancer, and many others. A stem cell transplant procedure is recommended in ophthalmology for the treatment of:
- Atrophy of the optic nerve
- Dystrophy of the retinal pigment epithelium
It is noteworthy that such gentle treatment is available to patients aged 4 to 75 years. There are practically no contraindications or side effects since the patient’s own biological material is not rejected by their immune system.
Results of ophthalmic correction with stem cells
The therapeutic effect of mesenchymal cells is in their ability to actively divide, increase in volume, and activate the growth and division of other cells. Being introduced into the organ of vision, stem cells activate its immune response, which leads to pathological cells being eliminated and replaced with anatomically correct analogues. So, the regeneration of damaged cells occurs in those areas where ophthalmic pathology developed earlier. The tissues of the eye and the former quality of vision will be naturally restored as a result.
Sign up for an ophthalmic stem cell transplant to undergo treatment without pain and complications, and the therapeutic effect will pleasantly surprise you!